Biology (BIO)

College of the Sciences and Mathematics

How to Read Course Descriptions

BIO 100. Basic Biological Science. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (2)
Basic principles of biology. Cell theory, metabolism, genetics, development, diversity of life forms, and ecology. Not open to biology majors.
Gen Ed Attribute: Science Distributive Requirement.
Typically offered in Fall, Spring & Summer.

BIO 110. General Biology. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
The concepts general to all living organisms such as cell structure and function, genetics, evolution, and ecology. This course is designed for majors in biology and related scientific areas.
Gen Ed Attribute: Science Distributive Requirement.
Typically offered in Fall, Spring & Summer.

BIO 204. Introductory Microbiology. 4 Credits.

LEC (3), LAB (2)
The biology of medically important microorganisms, their structure, taxonomy, physiology, control, and host-parasite interactions. May not be taken as a biology major elective.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 204 requires prerequisites of BIO 100 or BIO 110.
Typically offered in Fall, Spring & Summer.

BIO 214. General Microbiology. 4 Credits.

LEC (3), LAB (3)
The biology of microorganisms, their structure, physiology, and control; the nature and dynamics of disease and disease control; principles of food, industrial, and environmental microbiology. The laboratory will deal with microbiological techniques, isolation and identification of microbes, and water and food analysis. This course is for biology majors.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 214 requires prerequisite of BIO 110.
Typically offered in Fall, Spring & Summer.

BIO 215. General Botany. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
A survey of plant and plant-like organisms from bacteria to and including the angiosperms with emphasis on anatomy, physiology, reproduction, and economic importance.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 215 requires prerequisite of BIO 110.
Typically offered in Fall & Spring.

BIO 217. General Zoology. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
Principles of animal biology. Form and function of vertebrate and invertebrate animal types.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 217 requires prerequisite of BIO 110.
Typically offered in Fall & Spring.

BIO 220. Cell Physiology. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
An introduction to cellular and molecular biology with emphasis on cell morphology, biochemistry, and cell physiology.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 220 requires prerequisites of BIO 110 and CHE 231.
Typically offered in Fall & Spring.

BIO 230. Genetics. 3 Credits.

Nature of genetic material and its qualitative and quantitative variation: recombination; interaction of gene products; regulation of genetic material; and its role in evolution.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 230 requires prerequisites of BIO 110 and MAT 121.
Typically offered in Fall & Spring.

BIO 259. Human Anatomy and Physiology I. 4 Credits.

LEC (3), LAB (2)
An introduction to human structure and function. Skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems are emphasized. Laboratory involves study of human development and gross anatomy of the skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. May not be taken as a biology major elective.
Typically offered in Fall, Spring & Summer.

BIO 269. Human Anatomy and Physiology II. 4 Credits.

LEC (3), LAB (2)
Continuation of BIO 259. Endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, immune, digestive, and urogenital systems emphasized. May not be taken as a biology major elective.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 269 requires prerequisite of BIO 259.
Typically offered in Fall, Spring & Summer.

BIO 270. Ecology. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
Relationships between living organisms and their environment.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 270 requires prerequisite of BIO 110.
Typically offered in Fall & Spring.

BIO 275. Field Botany. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
Methods of studying plants in their natural surroundings. Use of keys, botanical manuals, and illustrated floras to identify living specimens.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 275 requires prerequisite of BIO 100 or BIO 215.
Typically offered in Summer.

BIO 277. Vertebrate Ecology. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (2)
Vertebrate Ecology. Animal life in the surrounding localities. Identification, behavior, habitats, feeding, and reproduction.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 277 requires prerequisites of BIO 100 or BIO 217.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 307. Pathophysiology. 3 Credits.

An integrated study of the processes involved in the total body systemic complex as it changes from the ordered homeostatic condition to the imbalanced diseased state. The use of disease models, with clinical considerations, strengthens the concepts. May not be taken as a biology major elective.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 307 requires prerequisites of a C- or better in BIO 259 and BIO 269.
Typically offered in Fall & Spring.

BIO 310. Biostatistical Applications. 3 Credits.

LEC (3), LAB (1)
The design, statistical analysis, graphical display and written presentation of biological research.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 310 requires prerequisites of BIO 110 and MAT 121.
Gen Ed Attribute: Writing Emphasis.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 311. Contemporary Issues in Biology Teaching. 3 Credits.

Curricular trends in biology education, biotechnology, and bioethics are analyzed in a social context through constructive controversy. The nature of science is explored and experiential skills are honed through practical application via a laboratory-oriented, faculty-student mentoring program. May not be taken as a biology elective.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 311 requires prerequisites of BIO 110, BIO 215, BIO 217, BIO 230, EDF 300, and EDP 250.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 312. Marine Botany. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
This course will introduce students to identifying and classifying microscopic and macroscopic algae and seagrasses from marine and estuarine habitats. Fieldwork along the East coast of the U.S. will focus on the identification and ecology of its unique marine macroflora. Topics to be covered include: seaweed and seagrass structure, taxonomy and classification, reproduction and life histories, distribution and ecology, human impacts on marine plants, and the impacts of marine plants on human affairs, collection and preservation of marine plants, and production of herbarium specimen.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 312 requires prerequisite BIO 215 or permission of instructor.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 313. Marine Biology. 3 Credits.

The course is intended to provide a general introduction to the biology of marine organisms. Lectures will focus on the diversity, ecology, and adaptations of organisms living in the marine environment.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 313 requires prerequisites of BIO 215 and BIO 217.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 314. Pathogenic Microbiology. 4 Credits.

LEC (8), LAB (3)
Systematic study of pathogenic bacteria with extensive laboratory experience in handling and identifying these organisms.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 314 requires prerequisite of BIO 214.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 315. Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
Transfer of materials and energy through terrestrial ecosystem with emphasis on carbon, water, and nutrient cycling. Ecosystem responses to climate change are emphasized.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 315 requires prerequisites of BIO 110, BIO 215, BIO 217, and BIO 270.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 334. Microbial Genetics. 4 Credits.

LEC (3), LAB (3)
A course on the genetics of bacteria, their viruses, plasmids, and transposable elements. Applications of microbial genetics in genetic engineering and biotechnology.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 334 requires prerequisites of BIO 110 and BIO 214 and BIO 230 and CHE 231.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 357. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. 4 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (4)
Comparative study of the principal organ systems of vertebrates as to their structure, function, and evolutionary relationships.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 357 requires prerequisite of BIO 217.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 367. Physiology of Drug Interactions. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the mechanism of action of prototype drugs. The physiological alterations produced by various drugs as well as interactions between drug classes will be emphasized.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 367 requires prerequisites of BIO 269 or BIO 468 or BIO 469.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 377. Entomology. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
The structure, function, classification, economic importance, and biological significance of insects.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 377 requires prerequisite of BIO 110 or BIO 217.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 387. Invertebrate Zoology. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (1)
This course investigates the biology of the invertebrates, an enormously disparate group of organisms with a vast array of morphologies, physiologies and life histories. It emphasizes common features among different groups of invertebrates paying particular attention to physiology, development, grades of construction, ecology, systematics, and behavior. besides the traditional laboratory and lecture format, students will participate in field trips and perform presentations that touch some aspect of invertebrate zoology.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 387 requires prerequisite of BIO 217 or permission of instructor.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 407. Internship in Medical Technology. 13 Credits.

(and BIO 408) A two-semester, work-study appointment with an affiliated hospital. The satisfactory completion of this internship is accepted as the senior year's work by West Chester University. This internship will prepare the student to take the National Exam for Medical Technologists. Students who have completed 65 credit hours in the B.S. biology general concentration should apply for this internship in the summer following their sophomore year. Students must have an overall GPA of 2.75 and approval from the Department of Biology and the affiliated hospital.
Consent: Permission of the Department required to add.

BIO 408. Internship in Medical Technology. 13 Credits.

(and BIO 407) A two-semester, work-study appointment with an affiliated hospital. The satisfactory completion of this internship is accepted as the senior year's work by West Chester University. This internship will prepare the student to take the National Exam for Medical Technologists. Students who have completed 65 credit hours in the B.S. biology general concentration should apply for this internship in the summer following their sophomore year. Students must have an overall GPA of 2.75 and approval from the Department of Biology and the affiliated hospital.
Consent: Permission of the Department required to add.

BIO 409. Internship in Biological Sciences. 3-16 Credits.

A one-semester, work-study appointment with a commercial, industrial, or governmental agency. Students will be supervised jointly by a professional scientist of the agency and a Department of Biology faculty member. A maximum of eight combined credits from BIO 409 and BIO 491 may be applied to total biology credits.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 409 requires prerequisites: Biology major; senior standing; GPA of 2.5 overall; 2.50 in biology and approval of biology curriculum committee.
Consent: Permission of the Department required to add.
Repeatable for Credit.

BIO 412. Organic Evolution. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the general concepts, processes, and mechanisms of Evolutionary Biology from molecular, organismal, and population perspectives.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 412 requires a prerequisite of BIO 230 and 9 hours of biology.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 414. Applied and Industrial Microbiology. 3 Credits.

Applied and Industrial Microbiology (3) This course traces both the historical and current applications of microbiology in industry and society. Topics covered during lectures include building and equipment design, microbiological safety, fermentation, waste treatment, compost, and food production. The course also features guest lectures from several practicing microbiologists involved in industry.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 414 requires prerequisite of BIO 214.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 415. Tropical Ecology and Conservation. 3 Credits.

The ecology of biomes comprising the tropics. Emphasis will be placed on contemporary conservation issues in tropical areas.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 415 requires prerequisites of BIO 110, BIO 215, BIO 217, and BIO 270.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 421. Cellular and Molecular Biology. 4 Credits.

LEC (3), LAB (3)
A lecture and laboratory course that studies the molecular basis of cellular life. Eukaryotic cell structure and function will be emphasized.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 421 requires prerequisites of BIO 220 and BIL 333 and CHE 232.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 428. Animal Histology. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (2)
A study of the microscopic structure and function of vertebrate tissues and organs.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 428 requires prerequisites of BIO 110 and BIO 217.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 431. Molecular Genetics. 3 Credits.

A second course in genetics, covering the molecular biology of genetic events. Emphasis will be on the molecular details of basic genetic processes, such as DNA replication and transcription, RNA translation and protein synthesis, the genetic code, molecular mechanisms of gene regulation, and an introduction to biotechnology.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 431 requires prerequisites of BIO 230 and CHE 232.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 435. Course Topics in Biology. 1-3 Credits.

Courses in this series are of timely interest to the student. Topics may include biological terminology, laboratory techniques, mycology, etc. Open only to junior and senior science majors.
Repeatable for Credit.

BIO 436. Course Topics in Biology. 1-3 Credits.

Courses in this series are of timely interest to the student. Topics may include biological terminology, laboratory techniques, mycology, etc. Open only to junior and senior science majors.
Repeatable for Credit.

BIO 437. Course Topics in Biology. 1-3 Credits.

Courses in this series are of timely interest to the student. Topics may include biological terminology, laboratory techniques, mycology, etc. Open only to junior and senior science majors.
Repeatable for Credit.

BIO 438. Course Topics in Biology. 1-3 Credits.

Courses in this series are of timely interest to the student. Topics may include biological terminology, laboratory techniques, mycology, etc. Open only to junior and senior science majors.
Repeatable for Credit.

BIO 440. Human Genetics. 3 Credits.

A detailed survey of the principles of human heredity. Also Examines impact of genetics on current issues in human medicine, pharmacology, evolution and sociology.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 440 requires a prerequisite of BIO 230.
Gen Ed Attribute: Writing Emphasis.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 443. Introduction to Gene Expression Methodology. 3 Credits.

Theory and practical application of RNA methodologies used in gene expression.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 443 requires a prerequisite of BIL 333.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 448. Animal Development. 4 Credits.

LEC (3), LAB (3)
Introduction to principles of animal development with laboratory study of vertebrate embryos.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 448 requires prerequisites of BIO 110 and BIO 217 and BIO 220 and BIO 230.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 452. Parasitology. 3 Credits.

Biology of the principal parasites of man and domestic animals. Emphasis is on life cycles of common parasites, identification of diagnostic forms, and understanding the diseases associated with parasites of major economic and medical importance.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 452 requires prerequisites of BIO 204 or BIO 214 and BIO 217.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 453. Marine Mammals. 3 Credits.

An integrated examination of marine mammals. Emphasis will be on the evolution of the group and the unique functional morphology, behavior and physiology of cetaceans, pinnipeds and sirenians.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 453 requires prerequisite of BIO 217 and 12 credits of BIO Major Courses.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 454. Mycology. 3 Credits.

An introductory course including a general study of the biology of fungi and a survey of the field of medical mycology.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 454 requires prerequisites of BIO 110 and BIO 214.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 456. Virology. 3 Credits.

Molecular biology of bacterial, plant, and animal viruses; virus classification, ultrastructure, mechanisms of replication, and effects of virus infection on host cell.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 456 requires prerequisites of BIO 214 and BIO 230 and CHE 232.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 457. Functional Animal Morphology. 3 Credits.

A study of the structure, form, and function of morphological adaptations in animals as examined through a mechanical, ecological, and evolutionary perspective.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 457 requires co-requisite of BIO 217.

BIO 464. Microbial Physiology. 4 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
Physiology and biochemical variations seen in prokaryotes and lower eukaryotes.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 464 requires prerequisites of BIO 214 and BIO 230 and CHE 232.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 465. Immunology. 4 Credits.

LEC (3), LAB (3)
Immunoglobulin structure and function, nature of antigens, cell-mediated immunity, hypersensitivity, regulation of immunity, and immunological diseases. Laboratory experience in immunological techniques.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 465 requires prerequisites of BIO 214 and CHE 232.
Typically offered in Fall & Summer.

BIO 466. Plant Physiology. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
Physiological processes of plants. Photosynthesis, respiration, intermediary metabolism, entrance of solutes into the plant, water metabolism, and growth regulators.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 466 requires prerequisites of BIO 215 and CHE 231.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 467. Endocrinology. 3 Credits.

An integrative look at the physiology of the mammalian endocrine system in the regulation and maintenance of homeostasis. The pathology associated with hormonal imbalance will be included.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 467 requires prerequisites of C or better in BIO 217 and BIO 220 and a C or better in one 300 or 400 level BIO course.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 468. Comparative Vertebrate Physiology. 4 Credits.

LEC (3), LAB (3)
Comparative physiology of fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, with emphasis on organ-based homeostatic regulatory mechanisms.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 468 requires prerequisites of BIO 217 and BIO 220.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 469. Human Physiology. 4 Credits.

LEC (3), LAB (3)
Theoretical and applied principles of the physiology of humans presented from an organ-system approach. Emphasis is placed on homeostatic regulatory mechanisms. May not be taken as a biology major elective.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 469 requires prerequisites of BIO 220 and BIO 230 and CHE 232.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 470. Population Biology. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
A quantitative, second course in ecology, emphasizing distributional patterns and fluctuations in abundance of natural populations.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 470 requires prerequisites of BIO 270 and MAT 121 and MAT 108 or MAT 109 or MAT 161.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 471. Wetlands. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
A course designed to provide practical experience in wetlands' classification, delineation, regulation, management, and mitigation practices. The abiotic and biotic characteristics of inland and coastal wetlands are emphasized.
Typically offered in Summer.

BIO 473. Conservation Biology. 3 Credits.

The application of basic biological and ecological principles for the preservation of biological diversity. Emphasis will be on understanding the threats to biodiversity, the values of biodiversity, and preservation strategies including ecological risk assessment and the management of endangered species, habitats, and ecosystems.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 473 requires prerequisites of BIO 110 and BIO 215 or BIO 217 and BIO 270.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 474. Microbial Ecology. 4 Credits.

LEC (3), LAB (3)
Theory and application of modern microbial ecology. Lectures will focus on topics such as microbial communities, interactions with other organisms, biogeochemistry, and biotechnology.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 474 requires prerequisites of BIO 110 and BIO 214 and BIO 270 and CHE 103 and CHE 104.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 475. Plant Communities. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
A survey of ecological, morphological, and physiological strategies of plants from seed through adult stages. The integration of these strategies to explain the major plant communities of North America will be covered.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 475 requires prerequisite of BIO 215.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 476. Freshwater Ecology. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
The environmental and biological characteristics of freshwater. Emphasis is placed on field methods, water quality evaluation based on the interpretation of comprehensive datasets, and management strategies for lakes, ponds and streams.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 476 requires prerequisites of BIO 270 and CHE 104.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 478. Plant Evolution. 3 Credits.

Application of contemporary phylogenetic theory to explain the genesis of plant biodiversity. Origins of critical plant adaptations are explored with regard to time of origin, environmental conditions and ancestry.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 478 requires prerequisite: BIO 215 or permission of instructor.
Distance education offering may be available.
Typically offered in Spring & Summer.

BIO 480. Light Microscopy and the Living Cell. 3 Credits.

A one-semester lecture and lab course covering the theory and practical techniques of all types of light microscopy and their uses in investigating living cells. Also includes techniques such as microinjection, cell electrophysiology, and others. Strong emphasis on 'hands-on' work with equipment.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 480 requires prerequisites of BIO 110 and BIO 215 or BIO 217.
Typically offered in Spring.

BIO 484. Epidemiology. 3 Credits.

A general study of the epidemiology of both infectious and noninfectious diseases, including industrial and environmentally related health problems.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 484 requires prerequisite of BIO 214.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 485. Systematic Botany. 3 Credits.

LEC (2), LAB (3)
Principles of evolution as illustrated by the principles of plant taxonomy. Modern concepts of biosystematics. Practical experience in plant identification.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 485 requires prerequisite of BIO 215.
Typically offered in Fall.

BIO 490. Biology Seminar. 3 Credits.

SEM (1.5), LEC (1.5)
Reports on special topics and current developments in the biological sciences.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 490 requires prerequisites of 18 credits of BIO out of 90 credits of course work.
Typically offered in Fall, Spring & Summer.

BIO 491. Special Problems in Biology. 1-3 Credits.

Tutorial course primarily for advanced undergraduate biology majors capable of independent study and research on a problem approved by the supervising instructor. A maximum of eight combined credits from BIO 409 and BIO 491 may be applied to biology electives.
Pre / Co requisites: BIO 491 requires a prerequisite of an overall GPA of 2.50 and a BIO GPA of 2.50.
Repeatable for Credit.